The coronation of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej
took place on 5 May 1950. His Majesty is the ninth King of the
Chakri Dynasty. On 5 May of every year, the Thai people rejoice and
express their affection and loyalty to him by organizing a celebration
on his coronation day.
Prior to the reign of King Rama IV (King
Mongkut), there was no coronation ceremony in Thailand, there was only
private ceremony held by high ranking officials to celebrate their Royal
Regalia and positions in the 6th lunar month. A coronation, however,
took place for the first time when King Rama IV was crowned on 15 May
1851. King Mongkut thought that the Coronation was an auspicious
occasion but thought that it would be dificult to explain the meaning of
the coronation day to his subjects in detail, he thus called this day
as a "ceremony to commemorate the Royal Regalia" but was quite similar
to that of a coronation. On that day (the 13th of the full moon in the
6th lunar month), following day monks were invited to have meal at the
Dusit Maha Prasart Throne Hall in Grand Palace.
During the reign of the present king, the ceremony is performed for three days. The first day falls on 3 May in which the following ceremony will be performed; the king performs a merit-making ceremony at the Audience Hall of Amarindra in dedication to the deceased kings while Buddhist monks chant, give a sermon and perform a requiem on the royal ashes of the deceased kings. On 4 May, the Coronation Ceremonies begin with the proclamation of the Coronation Day read by the Chief of Brahmin priests followed by an evening chanting performed by Buddhist monks. Finally, 5 May is the actual date of the ceremony in which food is to be offered to monks and followed by a celebration of the Royal Regalia. At noon the Army and Navy fire a 21-gun salute in honour of the king. On this day, His Majesty the King also presents the royal decorations to the people who have made a valuable contribution to the country.
With permission from : Thanapol Chadchaidee. (1994). Essays on Thailand. Bangkok : Thaichareunkanpem.